Knowledge and truth about hiv and aids is the only way to get rid of any untrue information or myths you may have heard. Regional office for the eastern mediterranean, joint united nations programme on hivaids p. The learners will be able to understand the different modes of hiv transmission. Confidentiality regarding all medical information, including hiv aids status, must be maintained. You may not look or feel sick for years, but you can still pass the virus on to other people. Aids is caused by a virus called hiv human immunodeficiency virus.
The aids info fact sheets provide easytounderstand information on a variety of hivrelated topics. Facts, statistics, symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and. Hahn2 1institute of evolutionary biologyand centre for immunity, infection and evolution, university of edinburgh, edinburgh eh9 3jt, united kingdom 2departments of medicine, perelman school of medicine, university of pennsylvania, philadelphia, pennsylvania 19104 correspondence. Jul 03, 2019 hiv is the virus that causes hiv infection. Within those stains, there are also several substrains. When a person becomes hiv infected, it takes usually about 5 to 10 years before symptoms of aids develop.
The definition of aids is an example of circular logic. Hiv and aids facts new york state department of health. Important facts about hiv and aids hiv and aids is one of the biggest challenges we face as a country. Unaids 2016 fact aids related deaths have fallen by 45% since the 2004 peak unaids 2016 factsheet what is hiv and what is aids. Hiv is an abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus, which is the virus that causes aids acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. An estimated 128,778 women have died of aids since the beginning of the epidemic in 1981. Persons with hiv infection usually take a combination of two or more hiv drugs to prevent disease progression. Hiv belongs to a family of viruses known as retroviruses. Hiv human immuno deficiency virus is a virus that enters blood. Description hiv, or the human immunodeficiency virus, is a virus that infects cells of the immune system, undermining the bodys ability to fight infection and disease. Wisconsin division of public health department of health and. These are most readily available from doctors, nurses.
Introduction to hiv and aids overview of the pandemic from the national library of medicine abridged by page 2 of 40 chapter 1 introduction to hivaids the first cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome aids were reported in the united states in the spring of 1981. Origins of hiv and the aids pandemic subject collection hiv hiv 1 pathogenesis. You can also get hiv from drugs and shared needles or syringes. It weakens your immune system, so your body has a hard time fighting off common germs, viruses, fungi, and other invaders. Hivaids basics read this overview to get a better understanding of hiv and aids. Moreover, many of the aidsdefining diseases, such as cervical cancer, have nothing to do with immune deficiency, and should not be considered part of the definition of aids. Hiv andor other stds can be spread through breaks or open sores in the skin causing inflammation that increases the number of cells that can be targeted by hiv or other stds.
Postexposure prophylaxis pep preexposure prophylaxis prep just diagnosed. Aids is caused by a virus called hiv human immunodeficiency virus when a person is infected with hiv, the virus infects and can kill certain cells in the immune system called thelper cells. Questions and answers about hivaids department of health ny. Hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which is the virus that causes hiv infection. New york state department of health aids institute subject. Antiretroviral therapy art involves taking a cocktail of hiv. There are several reliable sources of information which are backed by scientific research these are the facts about hiv and aids. When a person is infected with hiv, the virus infects and can. To prevent, treat, and control the spread of hiv aids in texas, dshs must have a disease reporting and surveillance system that is technologically current and can adapt to the future challenges of controlling the hiv aids epidemic. Aids stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
It infects cells in the body that protect a person from getting sick, making it difficult to fight off diseases. Find out how to protect yourself from hiv and other stis when selling sex. This participant manual is jointly published by hhscdc and ucsf. Hiv is transmitted when the blood or body fluids of an infected person comes into contact with the blood or mucous membrane of a healthy person. To date, approximately 25 million people have died of aids. It consisted of joining the information by means of common topics. Overview of the hivaids epidemic with an introduction to. Emerging technologies and advancements in hiv and aids. A member of a group of viruses called retroviruses, hiv infects human cells and uses the energy and nutrients provided by those cells to grow and reproduce. The hivaids epidemic in the united states july 2007 the first cases of what would later become known as aids were reported in the united states in june of 1981. Dec 02, 2016 hiv is the worlds leading infectious killer. Hiv and aids facts and resource information keywords. Since hiv, the virus that causes aids, was discovered in 1981, it has infected more than 75 million people and claimed more than 36 million lives. Without treatment, hiv infection is likely to develop into aids.
Less common routes of transmission include needlestick injuries or exposure to contaminated blood. Hiv is the virus that causes hiv infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome anal or vaginal sexual intercourse and illicit injectable drug use commonly transmit hiv. Hiv is spread through contact with the blood, semen, preseminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, or breast milk of a person with hiv. Adapted from unaidswho epidemiology fact sheet on hiv and aids 2008 update. People who are infected with hiv will carry and be able to pass on the virus for the rest of their lives. Surveillance of hiv risk behaviours world health organization.
Dugas claims to have had over 2,500 sexual partners across north america. References for hiv infection, aids, and cancer american. Hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus and is the virus. Nov 08, 20 africa is home to staggering numbers of people living with hivaids and is usually the first country that comes to mind when thinking about aids. Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted. Proportion of persons living with hiv who know their serostatus june 2012 pdf icon pdf 500 kb. The hiv aids epidemic in the united states july 2007 the first cases of what would later become known as aids were reported in the united states in june of 1981. Hiv severely damages a persons immune system, so that the body can no longer fight off infections and other diseases. Once someone acquires the virus, it attaches to and enters human cells, especially immune defense cells known as cd4 tcells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. There should be no obligation on the part of the employee to inform the employer.
If a member in a family has hiv, all other members have the possibility of harboring hiv. Confidentiality regarding all medical information, including hivaids status, must be maintained. Hiv is a virus that lives in human blood, sexual fluids, and breast milk. In the united states, hiv is spread mainly by having anal or vaginal sex or sharing injection drug equipment. Hiv is low risk between two women, but you should know how to have safer sex. In hiv positive people, the virus can be found in the blood, sex fluids such as sperm and vaginal fluids and breast milk. Get the facts about how the virus is spread from person to person. Using viral load data to monitor hiv burden and treatment outcomes in the united states pdf icon pdf 517 kb healthy people 2020 leading health indicators objective hiv. Spirituality helps some people to deal with the fact of being a virus or disease carrier. Persons with hiv infection usually take a combination of two or more hiv drugs to. Introduction to hiv, aids and sexually transmitted infection surveillance. Hivaids screening, whether direct hiv testing, indirect assessment of risk behaviours or asking questions about tests already taken, should not be required. It is preventable by understanding how it is transmitted, and not putting oneself at risk.
To date, approximately 25 million people have died of aids around the world. Hiv aids basics read this overview to get a better understanding of hiv and aids. Oct 26, 2017 hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus. Hiv is a sexually transmitted virus that attacks the immune system and causes aids. The virus ronald swanstrom and john coffin the tcell response to hiv bruce walker and andrew mcmichael hiv transmission george m. Shaw and eric hunter hiv 1 reverse transcription weishau hu and stephen h. Infected mothers may also transmit hiv to their child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Hiv virus passes from one person to another through certain body fluids, such as blood and semen. Africa is home to staggering numbers of people living with hivaids and is usually the first country that comes to mind when thinking about aids. Over time, hiv can destroy so many of your cd4 cells that your body cant fight infections and diseases anymore. Infection with hiv damages the bodys immune system, which makes it more difficult to fight off infections and some cancers. Hiv and aids is one of the biggest challenges we face as a country. Hiv and aids fact 37 million people are now living with hiv and aids. Basic facts about hivaids new york state department of health.
Basic information about genital herpes in plain language. People with aids can have a range of symptoms, because their weakened immune systems put them at risk for lifethreatening infections and cancers. Once hiv infection develops into aids, infections and cancer pose a greater risk. By 1983 the human immunodeficiency virus hiv, the virus that. The hivaids epidemic in the united statesfact sheet. The virus can be there even if the person has no symptoms of hivinfection or aids. Joining a support group for people living with hiv is often a good way. Aids is the final stage of an untreated hiv infection. Hiv 1 which has been traced back to chimpanzees, and hiv 2 which came from a small african monkey. Hiv aids screening, whether direct hiv testing, indirect assessment of risk behaviours or asking questions about tests already taken, should not be required. But hiv can be passed through vaginal fluids and menstrual blood. Unaids 2016 fact aidsrelated deaths have fallen by 45% since the 2004 peak unaids 2016 factsheet what is hiv and what is aids. Groups most affected by hiv in botswana women women are disproportionately affected by the hiv epidemic. Nov 29, 2018 aids is the most advanced stage of hiv infection.
Early treatment with antiviral and other related medications can slow the progression of hiv disease and the development of aids. The possibility of hiv transmission from mother to child can be reduced to the minimum by taking medical help right from conception onwards. The human immunodeficiency virus is the cause of hiv infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome aids. Hiv1 is the most common human immunodeficiency virus. The abbreviation hiv can refer to the virus or to hiv infection. The next section of this report describes how the hiv aids disease reporting and surveillance system currently. Do you have a passion to help others or do you see.
This factsheet is intended for stopaids members and the wider international. The top 10 questions about hiv, answered everyday health. Aids and human immunodeficiency virus infection hiv are defined as reportable conditions in texas. Babies and children often develop the disease faster.
People who are high on drugs or alcohol are more likely to have unsafe sex that might expose. The virus is in the blood, semen, menstrual blood, vaginal secretions, and breast milk of hiv infected persons. Hiv can affect anyone who has been exposed to the virus. When this happens, you get a group of particular medical conditions called aidsdefining conditionsor illnesses and we say that you have developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome aids. Learn about hiv, its stages, and how the virus can be controlled with treatment. This research report is designed to highlight the state of the science and to raise awareness of the link between hiv aids and drug abuse not just injection drug use but drug abuse in general. The following are some of the more interesting facts about this global pandemic. The aids info fact sheets provide easytounderstand information on a variety of hiv related topics.
This booklet aims to help you understand hivaids more clearly by answering some of the questions that you may have and provide you with information on hivaids as well as the aid for aids programme that is available to members living. Basic facts about hivaids new york state department of. The incidence of hiv and aids is rising rapidly and over 5. The present session aims to provide learners with basic facts about hiv, modes of hiv transmission, ways to prevent hiv infection and clarify related myths and misconceptions. Once researchers determined that hiv was the cause of aids and how the virus spreads, they were able to develop ways to test for the virus and develop effective treatments for preventing it from replicating in the bodya protocol called antiretroviral therapy art.
This weakens the immune system so that other opportunistic infections can occur. Most of the children live in subsaharan africa and were infected by their hivpositive mothers during pregnancy, childbirth, or breast feeding. The acronym hiv stands for human immunodeficiency virus. When aids first appeared in 1981, most cases were fatal. The centers for disease control and prevention estimates that more than 1. Globally, 40 million people are infected with aids. Avoid sex if you or your partner have hiv and either a yeast infection or your period. One in four people living with aids in the united states in 2014 was a woman. Hiv infection also fuels other epidemics of global concern most notably tuberculosis, which. Hiv fact sheets provide data about how hiv affects specific populations in the united states and information about hiv risk behaviors, prevention tools, testing, and more. Although there is no cure for hiv or aids both are treatable. Hiv infection facts, history, causes, and risk factors. Myths and facts about hivaids sahaya international.
However, hivaids exists in countries all over the world, including the us. Before the introduction of art in the mid1990s, people with hiv could progress to aids in just a few years. Athena network and the global youth coalition on hiv and aids 2016. Division of std prevention, national center for hiv aids, viral hepatitis, std, and tb prevention, centers for disease control and prevention. Hiv and aids are not problems that exist only in africa or in other parts of the world.
Myths and facts about living with hiv aids from treatment options to information on symptoms, see whats fact and. Thousands of people are becoming ill and dying every week and more and more children are being orphaned. Published december 2, 2016 updated september 9, 2019. Regional hivaids statistics and features, end of 2001. Reported hiv cases by transmission category, united states, 2014. Hiv weakens your immune system, your bodys builtin defence against disease and illness. Hivaids fact sheet cirm funds many projects seeking to better understand hivaids and to translate those discoveries into new therapies. Fortunately, current hiv medicines can control the virus so that people living with hiv can live a longer, healthier life and reduce the risk of transmitting hiv to others. Myths and facts about living with hivaids from treatment options to information on symptoms, see whats fact and.
Factsheet adolescents and young people and hiv stopaids. May 09, 2020 the aids info fact sheets provide easytounderstand information on a variety of hiv related topics. When a person becomes hivinfected, it takes usually about 5 to 10 years before symptoms of aids develop. Also, do not share sex toys, because microscopic particles in the fluids on sex toys can pass hiv.47 1242 1402 1037 668 117 989 1016 1631 1203 645 924 1420 688 1492 10 1333 594 1559 264 245 368 1599 595 797 1103 1326 75 285 59 206 1372 1240 91 72 63 1339 142 129 128 835